They may have starred in Willow, but some still suffer from discrimination and bullying, and for goodness’ sake, please don’t call them midgets. Despite their vertical limitations, those born with dwarfism, are normal people…just smaller. Individuals whose maximum height is less than 4 feet, 10 inches (1.47 meters) are considered as having dwarfism. It is caused by one of 200 to 300 different types of medical conditions, though is most commonly caused by a genetic mutation.
There are two main types of dwarfism. Proportional dwarfism is where individuals are, in effect, 100 per cent normal – just in miniature, and is attributed mainly to a lack of growth hormone. Disproportional dwarfism, however, is where certain parts of the body are less fully developed than others. Achondroplasia is the most common, representing approximately 70 per cent of all instances of dwarfism, and is characterized by noticeably shorter arms and legs in comparison to the head, chest and abdomen.